Becoming American: 50 Years of Inroads
Immigration has had a tremendous impact on U.S. demographics since the passage of the landmark Hart-Celler Act in 1965 amending the earlier Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952. The proportion of immigrants in the country has grown from 4.8% in 1965 to 13.9% today (just below the historic high of 15% around the turn of the 20th century), and is only expected to increase. A recent Pew Research study broke down how immigration has contributed to the diversification of the country and how the dynamics expected to drive population growth over the next 50 years. Here are highlights from the extensive report:
45 million (2015) vs. 9.6 million (1965)
Number of foreign-born U.S. residents
72 million (55%)
Contribution of immigrant population to overall U.S. growth over last 50 years
26% (Asian) / 47% (Hispanic) / 8% (Black) / 18% (White)
Racial makeup of immigrant population in 2015
11% (Asian) / 9% (European) / 22% (African) / 37% (Latin American) / 39% (Middle Eastern)
Percentage of Americans who view region’s immigrants as having mostly negative impact on American society
34% (make worse) vs. 18% (make better) vs. 45% (not much effect)
How Americans perceive the impact of immigrants on U.S. social and moral values
Modern Immigration Wave Brings 59 Million to U.S., Driving Population Growth and Change Through 2065 (Pew Research Center)
Top Countries of Origin by State of Settlement, 1850-Present (Pew Research Center)
The Uphill Battle for Accessibility
Estimated to be 160,000 in strength, Kyrgyzstan’s disability community has long faced domestic confinement, public misinformation and shaming, and structural exclusion due to lack of governmental and business commitment to accessible spaces and protocols. Recently, around 300 took to the streets of Bishkek, the capital, for an annual march in support of increased accessibility in the country. EurasiaNet takes a look at the obstacles and initial victories that are driving the community to push forward.
“Kyrgyzstan: Disabled Battle for Acceptance and Access” (EurasiaNet)
(Image Credit: EurasiaNet)
In Search of Home
After the 2010 earthquake that devastated much of their country’s infrastructure, thousands of Haitians immigrated to the U.S. in search of a place to rebuild their lives. However, the traumatic psychological and material effects of the catastrophe made integration into their new homes difficult. PRI profiles efforts in Boston, home to one of the biggest Haitian-American communities in the U.S., to provide a space of transition for Haitian boys in search of familiarity.
“A ‘home’ away from home is helping young Haitians in the US cope with trauma of 2010 earthquake” (Public Radio International)
(Image Credit: Rupa Shenoy/WGBH, via PRI)
While Kenya has been under fire for its unwelcoming and at times dangerous attitudes towards its LGBT citizens, pockets of haven and inclusion have sprung up, particularly in Kenya’s urban centers. In a brief feature, Voices of America highlights a minister and lesbian Christian in Nairobi who are bucking resistance in providing and occupying spaces of union between the church and the LGBT community.
“Kenyan Church Welcomes LGBT Members” (Voices of America)
(Image Credit: R. Ombuor/VOA)
Malawi program promotes girls’ sexual and reproductive rights by stepping up health education
- The Unite for Body Rights program was launched as a coalition of sexual rights organizations under the Center for Youth Empowerment and Civic Education in three districts (Dedza, Mangochi, and Chikhwawa).
- Promoting family planning, re-enrollment for dropouts, and the reporting of sexual and domestic abuse, the program works to combat child marriage and educational disengagement among girls.
- Thousands of peer educators along with teachers, church leaders, and health service providers have been targeted and trained in the provision of comprehensive sexual and reproductive education, with gains tentatively seen in implemented districts.
“Stepping up game in girls’ sexual health and rights” (Mana Online)
Unite for Body Rights, Malawi
(Image Credit: via SRHR Alliance)